Domenico Gabrielli (1659-1690)
Modena and Bologna, circa 1680.
After centuries of obscurity in the shadow of the violin, with neither name, fixed form, nor tuning, without an unequivocal and universal identity, lagging almost a century and a half behind its closest rival, the viola da gamba, and more than a half century behind the bassoon, the violoncello is finally emancipated from its role as accompanist and acquires the dignity of a soloist.
The honor of having given this decisive impulse to the history of the instrument goes to a group of virtuoso cellists who gravitated around the musical chapels of S.
Petronio in Bologna and of Duke Francesco II of Modena: Petronio Franceschini, father of the cello school in Bologna; Giuseppe Colombi, a few of whose quirky toccatas for solo violone are preserved in Modena: Giovanni Battista Vitali, author of a dozen partitas for violone; Giovanni Battista Degli Antonii, the first to publish his Ricercate sopra il violoncello ò clavicembalo (1687); Domenico Galli, from Parma, author of Trattenimento musicale sopra il violoncello a’solo, written out in Modena in 1691 in a beautiful manuscript ornamented by the author himself (Galli was a painter as well as a cellist); and Domenico Gabrielli, the most interesting composer of the bunch and the object of our attention.
1-4. Sonata à violoncello solo, con il basso continuo in sol maggiore 5:46
Sonata for solo Cello and Continuo in G major
Grave - Allegro - Largo - Prestissimo
5-8. Sonata à violoncello solo, con il suo basso continuo in la maggiore 6:32
Sonata for solo Cello and Continuo in A major
Grave - Allegro - Largo - Presto
dal manoscritto / from manuscript I-MOe Mus.G.79
(15 genaro 1689 / January, 15Th, 1689)
9-16. Sette Ricercar per violoncello solo e Canon à due violoncelli 30:06
Seven Ricercar for solo Cello and Canon for two Cellos
17-20. Sonata per violoncello e basso continuo in sol maggiore 8:08
Sonata for Cello and Continuo in G major
Grave - [Allegro] - Largo - Presto
- Composer: Domenico Gabrielli (1659-1690)
- Performers: MODO ANTIQUO – BETTINA HOFFMANN, cello; ALFONSO FEDI, harpsichord and organ; GIAN LUCA LASTRAIOLI, theorbo and guitar; ROBERTA DELL’ORCO, cello
- Historical Period: Late Baroque
- Code: TB 650701
- Edition: JULY 2012
- Barcode: 8007194105360
- Set: 1
- Total tracks: 20
- Total duration: 00:53:52